PhD in International Relations, Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey), Sept. 2009–March 26, 2016

PhD in Civilization Studies (all but dissertation), Ibn Haldun University (formerly, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University) Istanbul, Turkey, from September 2012 and discontinued on March 2016

PhD in International Area Studies major in Middle East and African Studies (discontinued), Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (Seoul, South Korea), September–December 2011

Online course certificate on “Muslims and Jews: The Historical and Contemporary Encounter” provided by the WOOLF Institute, Cambridge, UK (January 10–May 27, 2011)

Master in International Studies, University of the Philippines Diliman, June 11, 2007–November 02, 2009

MAIS European Studies (discontinued), De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines, January–April 2009

BA in International Studies, University of the East (Manila, Philippines), June 09, 2003–November 29, 2006

High School and Elementary, Trinity University of Asia (formerly, Trinity College of Quezon City), Philippines, from June 1993 to April 04, 2003