Nationalism: 1920 to Present: Middle East

Adiong, Nassef Manabilang, Nationalism: 1920 to Present: Middle East (December 31, 2012). CULTURAL SOCIOLOGY OF THE MIDDLE EAST, ASIA, AND AFRICA: AN ENCYCLOPEDIA, pp. I319-I321, A. Stanton, E. Ramsamy, P. Seybolt, C. Elliott, eds., Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2012. Available at SSRN:


The common understanding of nationalism, which is sometimes synonymous with patriotism, is the sense of belonging and strong identification of an individual to a group of people or community within a polity such as nation or state. According to Ernest Gellner, it is primarily a political principle that considers that the political and national unit should be congruent. On the other hand, Liah Greenfeld regarded it as an essentially secular form of consciousness. All core players (Arabs, Israelis, Iranians, Turks, and minorities) have different nationalistic experiences based on how they utilized the concept for their own advantage.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 7

Keywords: Nationalism, Middle East

JEL Classification: A00

Accepted Paper Series

Published by

Nassef Manabilang Adiong

Nassef is the founder of Co-IRIS (International Relations and Islamic Studies Research Cohort), PHISO (Philippine International Studies Organization), DSRN (Decolonial Studies Research Network), and BRLN (Bangsamoro Research and Legal Network). He works on interdisciplinary research between Islam and International Relations and explores the Bangsamoro society as he heads the Policy Research and Legal Services (PRLS) of the Bangsamoro Parliament. Visit for more details.